Coffee is one of the most popular beverages in the world, with a rich history and an array of different varieties. The two most well-known coffee varieties are arabica and robusta coffee, but there are several other ones worth exploring as well.
Arabica coffee is the most popular coffee variety in the world, accounting for around 60% of the world's coffee production. It is known for its delicate and complex flavor profile, with notes of fruit, chocolate, and nuts. Arabica coffee is commonly grown in Central and South America, as well as in parts of Africa and Asia.
Robusta coffee is a more robust and bitter variety, with a higher caffeine content than arabica coffee. It is commonly used in blends and is known for its earthy, woody flavor. Robusta coffee accounts for around 40% of the world's coffee production and is mainly grown in Vietnam, Indonesia, and Africa.
Liberica coffee is a unique and unusual variety known for its distinct flavor profile, with notes of floral and fruity undertones. Liberica coffee beans are larger than other coffee varieties, and they are grown mainly in the Philippines and Malaysia.
Excelsa coffee is another variety that is similar to Liberica coffee in terms of flavor profile and origin. It has a tart and fruity taste, making it a popular choice for coffee enthusiasts looking for a unique and flavorful brew.
Catuai coffee is a hybrid of the Caturra and Mundo Novo coffee varieties and is commonly grown in Brazil. It has a smooth, mild flavor with notes of nuts and chocolate, making it a popular choice for those who prefer a milder coffee taste.
Typica coffee is one of the oldest coffee varieties, originating from Ethiopia. It has a complex flavor profile with notes of fruit, flowers, and spices, and it is commonly grown in Central and South America.
Geisha coffee is a rare and expensive variety that is known for its delicate, floral flavor profile. It is typically grown in Panama and other Central American countries and is highly sought after by coffee enthusiasts for its unique and exquisite taste.
Bourbon coffee is a variety that originated in the island of Bourbon (now known as Réunion) in the Indian Ocean. It has a sweet, fruity flavor profile with notes of caramel and chocolate, making it a popular choice for those with a sweet tooth.
While arabica coffee accounts for the majority of the world's coffee production, robusta coffee is still a significant player in the market. Arabica coffee is commonly used in high-end specialty coffees, while robusta coffee is commonly used in instant coffees and espresso blends due to its strong and bitter taste.
In addition to the coffee varieties mentioned above, there are also hybrid varieties and sub-varieties that can offer unique and interesting flavors. Exploring the diverse world of coffee can be an exciting and rewarding experience, allowing you to discover new and delicious brews. Whether you prefer the delicate flavors of arabica or the robust taste of robusta, or you're looking to explore something new, there's a coffee out there for everyone to enjoy.